Am. H. B. No. 154; Ohio’s 3-Foot Passing law
Bicycling is the second-most popular outdoor activity; commuter cycling is also on a steady upswing with an alarming increase in bicycle accidents and even deaths, especially in the Greater Cleveland area. Ohio has recognized this increase in cycling and accidents and has joined numerous other States in passing the three-foot safe distance passing law. Many thanks to The Ohio Bicycle Federation, the Ohio House and Senate, and the Governor for the passage of this much-needed bicycle safety law.
Ohio’s three-foot minimum safe distance passing requirement, Ohio Revised Code (ORC) §4511.27 and the “dead red” exception, ORC §4511.132 were signed into law by Governor Kasich on December 19, 2016 and became effective March 21, 2017
Under newly-enacted ORC §4511.27(A)(1) & (2), a driver of a car passing a cyclist riding in the same direction shall pass to the left at a distance of three feet or more, and shall not drive again to the right until the driver’s vehicle has safely cleared the cyclist. (This rule does not apply at intersections controlled by traffic control signals.) Upon the car’s audible signal, the cyclist being passed must give way to the right in favor of the overtaking car, and the cyclist shall not increase speed until completely passed by the car. A driver that violates this section is guilty of a minor misdemeanor unless convicted of one or more “predicate motor vehicle or traffic offenses” which include most other traffic offenses. See ORC §4511.27 (B) & §4511.01 (III) (1)
Kenneth Knabe, Greater Cleveland’s Bicycle Accident & Safety Attorney representing fellow cyclists injured by unsafe drivers. Championing, advocating and supporting the bike community through bike sponsorships and bike safety education. Knabe, Brown & Szaller Co. LPA: 14222 Madison Avenue, Lakewood, Ohio 44107. Phone: 216 228 7200 . firstname.lastname@example.org www.brownandszaller.com